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Emperor and AncestorState and Lineage in South China$
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David Faure

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753180

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.001.0001

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Contradictions of the Nation-State:

Contradictions of the Nation-State:

The Backwardness of Lineages

(p.325) Chapter Twenty-Two Contradictions of the Nation-State:
Emperor and Ancestor
Stanford University Press

When the balance of power shifted to local society following the rise of the militia movement and the rapid spread of firearms, the lineage was expected to enjoy unprecedented powers free from imperial control. However, the militia organizations of the 1850s and 1860s were alliances of lineages with a territorial base, rather than lineage institutions, and whose activities were centered in the town and not in the village. The state ideology that relied on lineage ideology as its cornerstone was replaced by representative government in the early 1900s, with interlineage alliances as its foundation. Although local rituals continued with all their religious fervor, the state from 1904 had begun to evolve into a different form. In an effort to raise land tax, Guangzhou's provincial government turned to trade guilds and city charity organizations. This and a confluence of other factors made it difficult for the lineage to fit readily into a state that was no longer ruled by an emperor.

Keywords:   Guangzhou, lineages, rituals, land tax, trade guilds, charity organizations, village, representative government

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