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Emperor and AncestorState and Lineage in South China$
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David Faure

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753180

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.001.0001

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We and They

We and They

(p.38) Chapter Four We and They
Emperor and Ancestor
Stanford University Press

In a battle that erupted in 1276, Xiong Fei, of Dongguan county, took his troops to relieve Guangzhou but was defeated and had to retreat. In Dongguan, he threatened that all who fled should return or he would raze their home villages. Li Chunsou, a member of the literati, persuaded Xiong Fei to withdraw this threat. He collected Li Maoying's writings for publication in 1294. The literati tradition of the Southern Song (twelfth century) persisted into the early years of the Yuan dynasty (thirteenth century), but the intellectual lines of descent disappeared by the next generation. The neo-Confucian tradition totally altered Chinese society. Historians who rely on written sources find it difficult, if not impossible, to extricate themselves from the oversimplified view of the cultured “we” versus the uncultured “they.” This chapter examines the concepts of “we” versus “they” in imperial China, focusing on administrative community, the Dan and the Yao people, and armed feuds involving the Hakka.

Keywords:   Guangzhou, literati, Li Chunsou, Yuan dynasty, neo-Confucian tradition, administrative community, Hakka, China, Dan, Yao

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