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Emperor and AncestorState and Lineage in South China$
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David Faure

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753180

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753180.001.0001

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The Recession of Labor Service

The Recession of Labor Service

(p.79) Chapter Seven The Recession of Labor Service
Emperor and Ancestor
Stanford University Press

Under the Ming dynasty, comprehensive registration in the lijia was introduced at a time when the nature of lijia itself was gradually changing. From rigid requirement of service provision, lijia started emphasizing substitution by payment in silver, while registration shifted from households to landholdings. This process began in the mid-fifteenth century until the mid-sixteenth century, in the parts of the Pearl River Delta that were largely connected to the Huang Xiaoyang uprising of 1449. In this region, the uprising and the declaration of loyalty during the conflict provided an opportunity for prominent households to renounce their Dan status through registration as commoners. In this manner, these households could eventually transform themselves into some of the most powerful local landed lineages. This transformation in Nanhai and Shunde illustrates the power politics of local government during the Ming dynasty.

Keywords:   Pearl River Delta, Ming dynasty, lijia, households, Huang Xiaoyang uprising, landholdings, power politics, Dan, lineages, registration

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