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Constructing International Relations in the Arab World$
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Fred H. Lawson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753722

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753722.001.0001

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Westphalian Sovereignty Comes to the Arab World

Westphalian Sovereignty Comes to the Arab World

(p.19) Chapter One Westphalian Sovereignty Comes to the Arab World
Constructing International Relations in the Arab World
Stanford University Press

This chapter reviews the divergent historical trajectories whereby five major Arab countries adopted postures congruent with this distinctive form of interstate interaction: Egypt and Tunisia, where the transition took place comparatively early; Jordan and Iraq, where it occurred quite late; and Syria, where the shift happened in between. It also surveys the divergent paths by which these five leaderships came to adopt foreign policy orientations congruent with the tenets of Westphalian sovereignty. Westphalian sovereignty became the basis for the Egyptian leadership's posture toward the outside world as early as 1919. The long-standing crusade of Jordan to substitute the Arab states that had been developed during the mandate era with a more extensive political entity evaporated due to several developments. The commitment of Syria to Westphalian sovereignty held firm even when it clashed with the common Arab interest in prosecuting the struggle against the State of Israel.

Keywords:   Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, foreign policy, Westphalian sovereignty, leadership

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