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Constructing International Relations in the Arab World$
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Fred H. Lawson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753722

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753722.001.0001

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Commercial Interests and Elite Bargains

Commercial Interests and Elite Bargains

(p.79) Chapter Three Commercial Interests and Elite Bargains
Constructing International Relations in the Arab World
Stanford University Press

This chapter evaluates a promising alternative approach drawn from the field of international relations. Westphalian sovereignty appeared at a relatively early date in low-profit, high-volume France and formed a good deal later among the high-profit, low-volume city-states of the Italian peninsula. The turn toward Westphalian sovereignty occurred when Egypt's foreign trade was experiencing significant difficulties. The predominance of low-value, high-volume goods in Tunisia's foreign trade offered export-oriented farmers and manufacturers with strong incentives to support the creation of an autonomous, territorially bounded polity. Moreover, Jordan adopted a posture of Westphalian sovereignty in the context of slumping foreign trade. The leadership's commitment to a unified Arab polity persisted despite the general stagnation of Iraq's external trade. Finally, the foreign commerce in Syria recovered during the course of 1943.

Keywords:   foreign trade, Westphalian sovereignty, Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, Arab polity, Iraq, Syria, international relations

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