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Constructing International Relations in the Arab World$
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Fred H. Lawson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753722

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753722.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 22 October 2019

Domestic Conflict and Regime Maintenance

Domestic Conflict and Regime Maintenance

Chapter:
(p.105) Chapter Four Domestic Conflict and Regime Maintenance
Source:
Constructing International Relations in the Arab World
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804753722.003.0005

This chapter links the coming of Westphalian sovereignty to the timing and character of political struggles inside Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, Iraq, and Syria. The existence of liberal democratic institutions throughout the Arab world greatly helped the emergence of an anarchic Middle Eastern states-system. Egyptian nationalists adopted a foreign policy platform whose primary components implied the principles of Westphalian sovereignty as part of an intense struggle to win the support of the country's small-scale manufacturers and shopkeepers. The Jordanian leadership played in preventing the formation of a tactical alliance between discontented members of the petite bourgeoisie and radical organizations actively engaged in trying to overturn the Hashemite regime. The coming of Westphalian sovereignty indicated the significance of popular participation and electoral institutions in Arab politics during the first half of the twentieth century.

Keywords:   Westphalian sovereignty, Egypt, Tunisia, Jordan, Iraq, Syria, liberal democratic institutions, Middle Eastern states-system, foreign policy, Arab politics

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