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Creating Military PowerThe Sources of Military Effectiveness$
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Risa A. Brooks and Elizabeth A. Stanley

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804753999

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804753999.001.0001

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International Competition and Military Effectiveness: Naval Air Power, 1919–1943

International Competition and Military Effectiveness: Naval Air Power, 1919–1943

(p.158) Chapter 7 International Competition and Military Effectiveness: Naval Air Power, 1919–1943
Creating Military Power

Emily O. Goldman

Stanford University Press

This chapter explores the connection between international competition and military effectiveness. It assesses the hypotheses about how the level of threat and diversity of threat affect the integration, responsiveness, and quality of military effectiveness through a longitudinal and comparative analysis of British and U.S. responses to developments in naval air power between the two world wars. Britain exhibited how low threat and high diversity in threat can weaken integration, responsiveness, and quality. The U.S. case revealed the ways in which a specific threat can enhance integration, responsiveness, and quality, even when threats are low and war is not close. Thus, the inability of the British to set their strategic priorities weakened their military effectiveness, whereas the ability of the Americans to focus on the Pacific improved theirs.

Keywords:   international competition, military effectiveness, threat, integration, responsiveness, quality, Britain, U.S., diversity

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