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Trauma and MemoryReading, Healing, and Making Law$
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Austin Sarat, Nadav Davidovitch, and Michal Alberstein

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804754057

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804754057.001.0001

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Trauma, Memory, and Euthanasia at the Nuremberg Medical Trial, 1946–1947

Trauma, Memory, and Euthanasia at the Nuremberg Medical Trial, 1946–1947

(p.204) Chapter 9 Trauma, Memory, and Euthanasia at the Nuremberg Medical Trial, 1946–1947
Trauma and Memory

Etienne Lepicard

Stanford University Press

This chapter is concerned with the “lapse in memory” during the Nuremberg Medical Trials (NMTs). It presents an interpretation of three major early reports of the trial and their roles in memory construction and its implication for current bioethics. The official report revealed a striking difference between the attitudes toward euthanasia and human experimentation. François Bayle's Croix gammée contre caducée showed that euthanasia issues are dissolved within the discussion of human experimentation and by giving a rational explanation, it builds a memory that preserves untouched the medical profession. Alexander Mitscherlich and Fred Mielke proposed that the entire enterprise of modern medicine may be morally dubious, with its objectification of people as “cases.” In addition, their defenses collapse, and the sensibilities masked in their attempts to defend science and medicine are exposed.

Keywords:   memory, Nuremberg Medical Trials, bioethics, François Bayle, Croix gammée contre caducée, euthanasia, Alexander Mitscherlich, Fred Mielke, human experimentation

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