Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Between Foreigners and ShiʿisNineteenth-Century Iran and its Jewish Minority$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Daniel Tsadik

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804754583

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804754583.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

Shiʿi Legal Attitudes Toward the Jews

Shiʿi Legal Attitudes Toward the Jews

(p.15) One Shiʿi Legal Attitudes Toward the Jews
Between Foreigners and Shiʿis
Stanford University Press

The Quran treats Jews and other non-Muslims as ahl al-kitab (“people of the Book”) together with Christians, as banu-israil (the children of Israel), or as yahud (Jews). Aside from the Quran and the Sunni hadith literature, the Sunni treatment of the people of the Book is based on the so-called Pact of 'Umar. During the reign of the second Caliph, 'Umar b. al-Khattab (d. 644), the people of the Book was granted protection (dhimmah) under the shelter of Islam in exchange for their submission to Muslim rule, their recognition of Islam's superiority, and their dishonor. The dhimmis (people of the Book who live under Muslim rule) would lose this protection and receive punishment if they violated the clauses of the dhimmah Pact, perceived as a contract with Muslims. This chapter, which examines the Imami Shi'is' legal attitudes toward the Jews in nineteenth-century Iran, outlines the general structure and meaning of Sunni dhimmah regulations and views concerning the Jews. It also looks at some of the Shi'i laws regarding the Jews and other people of the Book.

Keywords:   Jews, Iran, Quran, non-Muslims, people of Book, dhimmis, dhimmah, Muslims, laws

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.