Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The VaccinatorsSmallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Ann Jannetta

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804754897

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 18 September 2021

Confronting Smallpox

Confronting Smallpox

Chapter:
(p.8) One Confronting Smallpox
Source:
The Vaccinators
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.003.0002

Variola major, the virus that causes smallpox, circulates continuously from one susceptible human to another. As the variola virus establishes its migratory sphere, a dramatic transmission of the virus occurs. By the eighteenth century, smallpox had become a universal disease that afflicted populations worldwide. This chapter reviews methods of combatting smallpox before 1800, focusing on a technique called variolation, which involves the exposure of an uninfected person to a person with a mild case of smallpox. Because of the great risks involved, this technique failed to gain official support in Japan. Nevertheless, Japanese physicians continued to seek ideas and instruction from foreign physicians who were experimenting with variolation techniques. The discovery of an alternative method by Edward Jenner before the end of the century initiated a revolution in medicine.

Keywords:   Variola major, smallpox, variolation, Japan, Edward Jenner

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.