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The VaccinatorsSmallpox, Medical Knowledge, and the 'Opening' of Japan$
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Ann Jannetta

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804754897

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804754897.001.0001

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Engaging the Center

Engaging the Center

(p.160) Seven Engaging the Center
The Vaccinators
Stanford University Press

This chapter analyzes the ways in which Japan's vaccinators finally engaged the Tokugawa bakufu in their efforts to promote Jennerian vaccination in the city of Edo. Following the outbreak of a severe smallpox epidemic in Ezo, the bakufu sent physicians from Edo to vaccinate the people of Ezo against smallpox—the bakufu's first official act that acknowledged vaccination. In July 1857, a small group of physicians prepared a petition to submit to the Shogun Tokugawa Iesada, asking for permission to open a vaccination clinic in Edo. With the opening of the Otamagaike Vaccination Clinic in Edo in 1858, the sponsors of the clinic and their descendants established themselves as the founding generation of modern medicine and public health in Japan.

Keywords:   vaccinators, Tokugawa, bakufu, smallpox, Ezo, Tokugawa Iesada, Otamagaike Vaccination Clinic

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