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Reluctant RestraintThe Evolution of China's Nonproliferation Policies and Practices, 1980-2004$
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Evan S. Medeiros

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804755528

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804755528.001.0001

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A Gradual Engagement

A Gradual Engagement

China and Nuclear Nonproliferation

(p.30) 2 A Gradual Engagement
Reluctant Restraint
Stanford University Press

This chapter explores the evolution in China's nuclear nonproliferation policies. It argues that U.S. diplomacy has significantly played in the evolution of China's support for nuclear nonproliferation. China had entered the nuclear nonproliferation world in the early 1980s. U.S.-China discussions and eventual negotiations on a nuclear cooperation agreement served as the context for China's first nuclear nonproliferation pledges and as America's main policy tool. The nuclear cooperation agreement (NCA) helped the civilianization of China's military nuclear infrastructure. Its nuclear industry in the 1980s had significant financial incentives to export its goods and services. It is noted that China continued to have nuclear trade with Pakistan. The changes in China's views on nonproliferation and its institutional capacity increased the strength of U.S. policy intervention. Nuclear nonproliferation served as Chinese national security and foreign policy.

Keywords:   nuclear nonproliferation, China, U.S. diplomacy, nuclear cooperation agreement, military nuclear infrastructure, U.S. policy, Pakistan, Chinese national security, foreign policy

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