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Reluctant RestraintThe Evolution of China's Nonproliferation Policies and Practices, 1980-2004$
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Evan S. Medeiros

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804755528

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804755528.001.0001

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(p.240) 6 Conclusions
Reluctant Restraint
Stanford University Press

China's behavior has changed, leading to the recognition of the value of nonproliferation. U.S. diplomacy significantly played in forcing China to extend its nonproliferation commitments. The missile nonproliferation case study underlines both the strengths and weaknesses of U.S. policy intervention. It is noted that Chinese acceptance of nuclear nonproliferation norms was common, and China's institutional capabilities were maturing. U.S. diplomacy had both major and supportive effect on China's nonproliferation policies and practices between 1980 and 2004. The institutional capacity of China was significant in setting up policy change. Participation of China in international forums promoted U.S. diplomacy. Realist and liberal arguments showed factors that motivated and constrained the changes in China's nonproliferation behavior. In the twenty-first century, it is hard to assure that nonproliferation cooperation becomes an enduring component of U.S.-China relations.

Keywords:   nuclear nonproliferation, missile nonproliferation, China, U.S. diplomacy, U.S.-China relations, nonproliferation cooperation

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