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The Agony of Greek Jews, 1940-1945$
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Steven B. Bowman

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804755849

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804755849.001.0001

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Relief and Rescue

Relief and Rescue

(p.173) Nine Relief and Rescue
The Agony of Greek Jews, 1940-1945
Stanford University Press

The Jews in Greece had suffered economically since World War I, and the situation only got worse during World War II. Germany's occupation of Greece and Britain's interdiction of Palestine prevented Jewish refugees from a possible emigration to Western countries. Relief and rescue for the beleaguared Jews became a reality only in 1944 under the auspices of the War Refugee Board established by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Prior to that, only three entities had the ability to rescue or save Jews in occupied Greece: the Italian army, the Greek Resistance, and the British army. The first two were the most effective, while the British failed to exercise any initiative or action to assist the imperiled Jews.

Keywords:   Jews, relief, rescue, refugees, Greece, World War II, Britain, Germany, War Refugee Board, Greek Resistance

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