In the fall of 1944, Germany began to retreat from Greece as World War II was coming to an end. Britain then took over, lending support to the forces fighting the EAM (Ethniko Apeleftherotiko Metopo) and its army ELAS (Ethniko Laikos Apeleftherotikos Stratos). The British forces' arrival on the mainland made it possible for Palestinian Jews to organize rescue in Greece itself. This chapter, which describes the efforts of Palestinian Jews to help survivors and organize them to immigrate to Palestine, also looks at the fate of Jews who survived the concentration and death camps, along with their various post-liberation struggles to return home to Greece or relocate in the West or Palestine. Finally, it examines the vicissitudes of Jews who took refuge in the mountains, and the fate of those who fought with the Greek Resistance, as part of the transitional period between the liberation of Greece and the formal end of World War II.
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