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The Agony of Greek Jews, 1940-1945$
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Steven B. Bowman

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804755849

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804755849.001.0001

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Chronicle of the Deportations

Chronicle of the Deportations

(p.80) Five Chronicle of the Deportations
The Agony of Greek Jews, 1940-1945
Stanford University Press

The extermination of the Jews of Greece during the Holocaust occurred in two stages. The first began in the spring of 1943 and ended in the summer of that year. It included the Jews of Salonika, Thrace, and eastern Macedonia, which were occupied by Bulgaria and Germany following the Axis partition of Greece in 1941. The second stage commenced in the late spring and summer of 1944, and encompassed the Jews of western Macedonia, Akarnania, Thessaly, Epirus, Peloponnesus, and Attica, as well as the islands of Crete, Corfu, Rhodes, and Cos. These areas were part of Italy's occupation zone that came under German control after the Italians withdrew from the war on September 8, 1943. This chapter chronicles the transports of Greek Jews from Salonika and Athens to Treblinka and Auschwitz. Thousands of Jews were killed by gassing during this episode.

Keywords:   Jews, Greece, gassing, Holocaust, Salonika, Athens, Treblinka, Auschwitz, Germany, extermination

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