This chapter is concerned with the Planes de Ordenamiento Territorial (OT), which were created to start distributing jurisdictions between territorial and national entities. It shows that the process of the OT is participatory in nature and can be viewed as spaces of public negotiation (i.e. between citizens and the state and among the citizens). It describes the different spaces and procedures of territorial organization and discusses unauthorized conflicts and authorized categories. From here the chapter turns to the 1991 Colombian Constitution, which helps link the notion of territory to the idea of participation, especially in terms of the Indigenous communities. Changes in the territorial order that began in 2000 and state authority are other concepts that are examined in this chapter.
Keywords: territorial entities, national entities, Planes de Ordenamiento Territorial, public negotiation, territorial organization, 1991 Colombian Constitution, participation, Indigenous communities, territorial order, state authority
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