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At the Crossroads of Empires – Middlemen, Social Networks, and State-Building in Republican Shanghai - Stanford Scholarship Online
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At the Crossroads of Empires: Middlemen, Social Networks, and State-Building in Republican Shanghai

Nara Dillon and Jean C. Oi


To a degree uncommon among Chinese cities, Republican Shanghai had no center. Its territory was divided among three (sometimes more) municipal governments integrated into various national states and empires. No government building or religious institution gave Shanghai a “center.” Yet amidst deep cleavages, the city functioned as a coherent whole. What held Shanghai together? The authors of this book's answer is that a group of middlemen with myriad connections across political and social boundaries created networks which held Republican Shanghai together.

Keywords: Chinese cities, Republican Shanghai, territory, municipal governments, national states, empires, government building, religious institution, center, middlemen

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780804756198
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804756198.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Nara Dillon, editor

Jean C. Oi, editor

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