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At the Crossroads of EmpiresMiddlemen, Social Networks, and State-Building in Republican Shanghai$
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Nara Dillon and Jean C. Oi

Print publication date: 2007

Print ISBN-13: 9780804756198

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804756198.001.0001

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The National Salvation Movement and Social Networks in Republican Shanghai

The National Salvation Movement and Social Networks in Republican Shanghai

(p.110) Chapter 6 The National Salvation Movement and Social Networks in Republican Shanghai
At the Crossroads of Empires

Parks M. Coble

Stanford University Press

This chapter argues that the National Salvation Movement achieved rapid influence because it was able to plug into an “existing set of social networks” and a “coalition of constituent organizations, each based on profession and status.” These networks could also help offer some protection for activists confronted with efforts to undermine their political mobilization. The salvation movement was the product of the aggressive assaults on Chinese sovereignty by Japan during the 1930s and became the center of contention between Nanjing and Tokyo. It also outraged Chiang Kai-shek, who considered it a communist front. Japanese aggression supplied the fuel for the explosive growth of the National Salvation Movement, but existing networks permitted its rapid organization. It is also noted that the Chinese Communist Party used the National Salvation Movement to push its united front agenda during the 1930s.

Keywords:   social networks, National Salvation Movement, activists, political mobilization, Chinese sovereignty, Chiang Kai-shek, Japanese aggression, Chinese Communist Party

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