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The Woman Who Turned Into a Jaguar, and Other Narratives of Native Women in Archives of Colonial Mexico$
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Lisa Sousa

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780804756402

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804756402.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 18 April 2021

Duties and Responsibilities

Duties and Responsibilities

(p.177) Chapter Seven Duties and Responsibilities
The Woman Who Turned Into a Jaguar, and Other Narratives of Native Women in Archives of Colonial Mexico

Lisa Sousa

Stanford University Press

Chapter 7 addresses the gendered division of labor at the household and community levels. The chapter examines women’s roles as weavers, craftpersons, producers of food and beverages, midwives and healers, community leaders, merchants, and agriculturalists. Chapter 7 challenges the gendering of “public” and “private” space that is implied in prescriptive texts by showing that women’s duties took them out of the household on a daily basis, and that men, especially craftsmen, frequently worked within the home. It also considers how increasing Spanish demands for labor and tribute and the development of a money economy shaped women’s roles and status. The chapter argues that, in examining various facets of women’s work, it becomes evident that Spanish policies contributed to the slow erosion in women’s status overtime. But Spanish pressures did not fully succeed, for underlying concepts of gender parallelism and complementarity were at the core of social organization and household relations.

Keywords:   labor, cooking, weaving, craft production, agriculture, healing, midwives, tribute, encomienda, repartimiento

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