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Shifting Ethnic Boundaries and Inequality in Israel – Or, How the Polish Peddler Became a German Intellectual - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Shifting Ethnic Boundaries and Inequality in Israel: Or, How the Polish Peddler Became a German Intellectual

Aziza Khazzoom


Why do racial and ethnic groups discriminate against each other? The most common sociological answer is that they want to monopolize scarce resources—good jobs or top educations—for themselves. This book offers a different answer, showing that racial and ethnic discrimination can also occur to preserve particular group identities. It focuses on the early period of Israeli statehood to examine how the European Jewish founders treated Middle Eastern Jewish immigrants. The author argues that, shaped by their own unique encounter with European colonialism, the European Jews were intent on producin ... More

Keywords: ethnic groups, scarce resources, ethnic discrimination, group identities, Israeli statehood, European Jews, Jewish immigrants, European colonialism, Middle Eastern Jews, Westernization

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780804756976
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804756976.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Aziza Khazzoom, author

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Part I Introduction

Part II Background

Part III Analysis

Part IV Conclusion

End Matter

Appendix One Cross-tabulation of occupation abroad by occupation in Israel

Appendix Two Variable Definitions and of Analytical Strategy

Appendix Three Means and standard deviations of variables for the six largest countries and Egypt (included in Chapter 7)

Appendix Four Correlations of all variables for the six largest countries

Appendix Five Standardized coefficients for the regression of Israeli prestige on education (ED), prestige abroad (PA), and age at arrival (AG) From an equation using linear terms only; all countries together

Appendix Six Occupational groups accounting for 75% of population employed abroad and percentage of sample in that occupation, for six most populous countries of origin

Appendix Seven Equations for regression of prestige in Israel on prestige abroad (PA), education (ED), age at arrival (AG), and year of arrival (YR) for the six largest countries of origin; separate equations for each country

Appendix Eight Comparison of R2 values for regressions of Israeli prestige on family formation scale (left column) and its components as separate variables (right column) with and without controls

Appendix Nine Main effects of cultural capital on immigrant attainment

Appendix Ten Interactions between cultural capital and educational slope

Appendix Eleven Equations used for calculating Figure 7.1; includes interactions between cultural capital and all human capital variables

Appendix Twelve Cultural capital by ethnicity for all countries and for six largest countries

Appendix Thirteen Average educational attainment and distribution into major occupational categories in Israel for men who were educated in religious institutions

Appendix Fourteen Correlations between ethnicity (as Mizrahi/Ashkenazi distinction) and the family formation scale (and its components) for different combinations of cultural capital

Appendix Fifteen Examination of the “Moroccan lag” in Israeli prestige among those with full cultural capital: regression of Israeli prestige on human capital, year of arrival, family formation, and settlement type in Israel for men with secular educations

Appendix Sixteen Regressions of Israeli occupational prestige on freedom from family responsibilities, western language primacy, and having a non-Heder education

Appendix Seventeen Characteristics of development towns

Appendix Eighteen Ethnic and Immigrant Makeup of Development Towns and Other Areas In 1961; Male Heads of Household Only, All Years and Ages of Immigration

Appendix Nineteen Regression of average Israeli prestige of town residents (town as unit of analysis) on location type, average education, and prestige abroad of residents

Appendix Twenty Israeli occupations; all Jewish men in the labor force by veteran status (%)

Appendix Twenty-One Equations Testing Effects of Location Type and Human Capital Variables on Prestige in Israel, by Country of Origin

Appendix Twenty-Two Effect of Human Capital on Israeli Occupational Prestige by Settlement Type, Controlling for Region, Secular Education, and Speaking a Western Language (Moroccans Only)

Appendix Twenty-Three Statistical Significance of Association Between Residence and Language

Appendix Twenty-Four Equations from the logistic regression of the likelihood of matriculating based on father's education (ED), father's occupational prestige in Israel (PA), mother's education, and number of siblings, for sons born in 1954 to men who arrived in Israel between 1948 and 1958, ages of 20–60

Appendix Twenty-Five Employers and Jewish teachers in 1961 by immigrant status and ethnicity