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The Blind in French Society from the Middle Ages to the Century of Louis Braille$
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Zina Weygand

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804757683

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804757683.001.0001

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The National Institute for Blind Workers

The National Institute for Blind Workers

Chapter:
(p.136) Chapter 8 The National Institute for Blind Workers
Source:
The Blind in French Society from the Middle Ages to the Century of Louis Braille
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804757683.003.0009

This chapter discusses the establishment of the National Institute for Blind Workers by the Law of 10 Thermidor Year III (July 29, 1795). Called for the first time a “national institute,” the establishment founded ten years earlier by Haüy with the patronage of the Philanthropic Society was now open to blind children from poor families throughout the Republic. The chapter shows the decisiveness of the state's commitment to the process of the blind poor's social integration through education and work: despite the economic crisis that marked the end of the revolutionary period and the incomprehension of the consular and, later, imperial governments, no political regime would ever go back on the principle of state responsibility for the institution Haüy founded in 1785.

Keywords:   blind youths, education, Valentin Haüy, social integration

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