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Revolution within the RevolutionCotton Textile Workers and the Mexican Labor Regime, 1910–1923$
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Jeffrey Bortz

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804758062

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804758062.001.0001

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The Institutionalization of the Labor Regime: Law and Government

The Institutionalization of the Labor Regime: Law and Government

(p.133) Chapter 6 The Institutionalization of the Labor Regime: Law and Government
Revolution within the Revolution
Stanford University Press

The collapse of central authority in Mexico, the unionization of the mills, and the consistent workers' challenge to authority ultimately destroyed the old labor regime. The military decrees demonstrated to new elites that it was necessary to institutionalize labor affairs, which is the focus of this chapter. It begins with the first institutionalization, the convention, and protocontract that culminated the 1911 general strike. With the military decrees of 1914–16, it became obvious that the Constitutionalists would draft a labor code, which became Article 123 of the 1917 Constitution. This Article built on the military decrees, a direct response to the workers' revolt in cotton textiles. Conflict at the Constitutional Convention left the states to implement Article 123 through state labor codes. The most important were those in the textile states of Veracruz (1918) and Puebla (1921). The chapter concludes with an analysis of the labor codes in the two states.

Keywords:   labor affairs, labor relations, institutionalization, labor code, military decrees, 1917 Constitution, Veracruz, Puebla, Mexico

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