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A Humanist Science$
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Philip Selznick

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780804758628

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804758628.001.0001

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Moral Philosophy and Social Science

Moral Philosophy and Social Science

Chapter:
(p.119) 10 Moral Philosophy and Social Science
Source:
A Humanist Science
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804758628.003.0010

This chapter examines the relationship between social science and moral philosophy. Philosophy analyzes ideas and purported fundamental attributes of the self; social science studies varieties, contexts, and enabling or disabling conditions. The chapter focuses on naturalism in ethics and subjectivist inclinations in social theory and moral philosophy. High on the agenda of the emerging social science was a concept of “nature” more general than that of physics and biology. A natural order is to be discerned in the persistent and recurrent forms of social life; morality is not something alien or imposed. In his studies of the division of labor and suicide rates, Emile Durkheim turned the philosophy of history into a science of society. Meanwhile, Karl Marx, traced working-class consciousness to the disciplines and solidarities of capitalist relations of production.

Keywords:   Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, social science, philosophy

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