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Bronzes to Bullets – Vichy and the Destruction of French Public Statuary, 1941–1944 - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Bronzes to Bullets: Vichy and the Destruction of French Public Statuary, 1941–1944

Kirrily Freeman


This book tells the story of French statues and monuments that were melted down and shipped to Nazi munitions factories during the Second World War. Beginning with the economic context that led to the destruction of public art, the book goes on to detail the process by which monuments were removed and destroyed and the metal sent to Germany for Hitler's war machine. The most remarkable part of the story is the reaction of the French public to the loss of its artwork. People protested all over France, and many communities took extraordinary measures to save their statues. This protest, and the ... More

Keywords: Vichy government, France, statues, monuments, public art, Nazi munitions, Second World War, public statuary, metal, Hitler

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2008 Print ISBN-13: 9780804758895
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804758895.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kirrily Freeman, author