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Gendered TrajectoriesWomen, Work, and Social Change in Japan and Taiwan$
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Wei-hsin Yu

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804760096

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804760096.001.0001

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Patterns of Labor Force Exits Among Women

Patterns of Labor Force Exits Among Women

(p.70) Chapter Four Patterns of Labor Force Exits Among Women
Gendered Trajectories
Stanford University Press

This chapter presents an individual-level analysis of women's decisions to leave the labor force after marriage and childbirth. It reveals that the factors contributing to women's exit from the labor force tend to differ between Japan and Taiwan. The differences in the dynamics of women's postmarital job exits are consistent with the discrepancies in working conditions that women with differing types of jobs in these countries experience. Because of divergent labor market conditions, women generally face greater difficulties combining their family and job responsibilities in Japan than in Taiwan. The analysis link the individual level results to aggregate-level changes over time. It shows that the observed labor force exit dynamics, along with broader economic and demographic shifts, account for the historical change in women's employment behavior in the two countries.

Keywords:   postmarital job exits, labor force, economic shifts, demographic shifts

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