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Gendered TrajectoriesWomen, Work, and Social Change in Japan and Taiwan$
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Wei-hsin Yu

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804760096

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804760096.001.0001

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Higher Education and Gender Inequality

Higher Education and Gender Inequality

Chapter:
(p.147) Chapter Seven Higher Education and Gender Inequality
Source:
Gendered Trajectories
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804760096.003.0007

This chapter discusses the Japanese and Taiwanese educational systems, showing that the quality and composition of a country's labor supply largely depend on women's and men's educational opportunities. In particular, whether a country's labor supply consists of a sufficient number of qualified men is thought to affect the overall likelihood for managers to accommodate women in the workplace, since managers generally prefer hiring men over women given the same qualifications. The analysis demonstrates how a strong emphasis on vocational education and gender segregation in elite high schools actually enhanced women's access to higher education in Taiwan. It also discusses how the small differences in the design of the school entrance examinations between Japan and Taiwan had critical implications for girls' chances of entering prestigious universities.

Keywords:   Japanese educational system, Taiwanese educational system, labor supply, gender segregation, university

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