Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Culture and Management in the Americas$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Alfredo Behrens

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804760140

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804760140.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2019. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 13 October 2019

Who's Who on the Playing Field

Who's Who on the Playing Field

Chapter:
(p.161) Chapter 11 Who's Who on the Playing Field
Source:
Culture and Management in the Americas
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804760140.003.0012

This chapter examines the collective attitudes that shape national character factors and the factors underlying cross-cultural management, focusing on the works of Shalom Schwartz, Geert Hofstede, Mary Douglas, and Fons Trompenaars. It discusses Schwartz's list of seven values categories: harmony, egalitarianism, intellectual autonomy, affective autonomy, mastery, hierarchy, and conservatism (which he later termed embeddedness). It then looks at Hofstede's surveys aimed at eliciting personal values regarding work environments. Hofstede came up with five dimensions of culture: power distance, individualism and collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, and long-term orientation. In her 1978 work, Cultural Bias, Douglas, a cultural anthropologist, argued that people in most societies resort to four states of mind in order to comprehend the natural, the social, and the supernatural worlds: individualism, hierarchy, fatalism, and egalitarianism. She offered two dimensions rendering four cultural biases: the issue of belonging and the issue of rules of behavior. Trompenaars, for his part, claimed that each culture seeks to solve three basic dilemmas: relationships with others, the handling of time, and relationship with the environment.

Keywords:   cross-cultural management, attitudes, national character, Shalom Schwartz, Geert Hofstede, Mary Douglas, Fons Trompenaars, values, culture, egalitarianism

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.