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Immigrant AmbassadorsCitizenship and Belonging in the Tibetan Diaspora$
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Julia Meredith Hess

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804760171

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804760171.001.0001

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Refugees to Citizens, Tibetans, and the State

Refugees to Citizens, Tibetans, and the State

(p.77) 4 Refugees to Citizens, Tibetans, and the State
Immigrant Ambassadors
Stanford University Press

This chapter starts by presenting the story of the flight of Ugyen Trinley Dorjee, the Karmapa, from Tibet to India and the subsequent problems his status as a refugee posed for the Indian government. The case of the Karmapa highlights various difficulties posed for the Indian and Chinese states by the facts of Tibetans' stateless status and presence. The chapter then traces the contours of the Tibetan diaspora in particular, examining the way various host governments including India, Nepal, Switzerland, Canada, and the United States have placed Tibetans in and out of the categories of “refugee,” “immigrant,” or “citizen,” depending on a variety of factors.

Keywords:   Indian government, refugee, Ugyen Trinley Dorjee, Karmapa, stateless status, Chinese states

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