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Comparing Special EducationOrigins to Contemporary Paradoxes$
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John G. Richardson and Justin J.W. Powell

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804760737

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804760737.001.0001

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Ideas and Institutions

Ideas and Institutions

The Enlightenments, Human Nature, and Disability

Chapter:
(p.29) Chapter 1 Ideas and Institutions
Source:
Comparing Special Education
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804760737.003.0002

This chapter explores the contribution of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment as the ideological origin of special education. It describes how the Enlightenment thought resulted in the rise and establishment of institutions and organizations for the care, treatment and education of persons with disabilities. The chapter also compares the institutionalization and the founding of organizations in England and France, such as for juvenile reformatories and industrials schools, child labor legislation, and state institutions for blind and deaf people and people with mental illness or disabilities.

Keywords:   Enlightenment, special education, institutions, organizations, disabilities, institutionalization, England, France, child labor, juvenile reformatories

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