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Imagining HarmonyPoetry, Empathy, and Community in Mid-Tokugawa Confucianism and Nativism$
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Peter Flueckiger

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804761574

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804761574.001.0001

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The Fragmentation of the Sorai School and the Crisis of Authenticity

The Fragmentation of the Sorai School and the Crisis of Authenticity

Hattori Nankaku and Dazai Shundai

(p.116) Four The Fragmentation of the Sorai School and the Crisis of Authenticity
Imagining Harmony
Stanford University Press

This chapter explores the different solutions that the disciples of Sorai offered to the contradictions they found between authentic emotions and highly formalized modes of literary expression. It concentrates on Hattori Nankaku and Dazai Shundai, the two figures most influential in developing different aspects of Sorai's teachings, with Nankaku carrying on Sorai's literary ideals based on the Ming Ancient Phraseology movement, and Shundai developing his views on Confucian philosophy and political economy in new directions. In very different ways, both Nankaku and Shundai shifted away from the political engagement that Sorai had seen as the proper application of Confucian learning. This chapter argues that the skeptical attitudes of both Nankaku and Shundai toward Sorai's vision of Confucian culture are reflected in their literary thought in a questioning of the notion of authenticity in poetry.

Keywords:   Hattori Nankaku, Sorai's disciples, Dazai Shundai, Ming Ancient Phraseology, Confucian philosophy, poetry's authenticity

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