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The Fall of a SparrowThe Life and Times of Abba Kovner$
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Dina Porat

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762489

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762489.001.0001

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The Bricha (Escape from Europe) and the East European Survivors' Brigade

The Bricha (Escape from Europe) and the East European Survivors' Brigade

“A nightmarish … awful wandering” January–July 1945

(p.190) Eleven The Bricha (Escape from Europe) and the East European Survivors' Brigade
The Fall of a Sparrow
Stanford University Press

This chapter details Kovner's activities from January to July 1945. Kovner left Vilna for Lublin, Poland, in December 1944, where he stayed until the beginning of March 1945. Ideas that he had begun formulating in the forest took their final form in Lublin, sorting themselves into three main categories: bricha (the exodus from Europe), hativa (uniting the survivors), and nakam (taking revenge on the Germans), all of which he committed to writing. On 1 March 1945, Kovner left with a loosely organized group for Romania, staying for three months, attempting to prepare what was necessary to implement the ideas. He left for northern Italy at the end of June, where representatives of the Yishuv met the remnants of European Jewry. It was a historic meeting that took place in the middle of July, and it was then that Kovner gave his famous speech, “The Mission of the Last Survivors.” Two weeks later, he was on his way to Eretz Israel, and, in the middle of August, gave his first speech before the heads of the Hashomer Hatzair movement.

Keywords:   Abba Kovner, Eretz Israel, Lublin, Jews, Jewish survivors

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