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The Fall of a SparrowThe Life and Times of Abba Kovner$
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Dina Porat

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762489

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762489.001.0001

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The Last Days of the Ghetto

The Last Days of the Ghetto

“And say with me / My mother /My mother” September 1-September 24, 1943

(p.132) Eight The Last Days of the Ghetto
The Fall of a Sparrow
Stanford University Press

This chapter discusses the final days of the ghetto. On 23 September 1943, German and Ukrainian units surrounded the ghetto, their cruelty matched only by the Lithuanians'. It had been announced that the entire ghetto population would be sent to camps in Estonia. The Jews broke into the scanty food stores and emptied them, and they brought supplies to the melinas. A few hundred decided to hide and hold out until the Red Army arrived. With no leaders and under the assumption that they really were being sent to Estonia, thousands of Jews presented themselves at the gate. After a night of pouring rain in the square with no shelter, the men were sent to Estonia, along with some of the women who were masquerading as men in order to go with them. The young women were taken to Latvia, the older women and children went to be killed at Majdanek, and the old and sick were murdered at Ponar. The ghetto was almost entirely empty, and those who had stayed behind were in hiding.

Keywords:   ghetto, Jews, Estonia, Latvia

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