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Internationalism, National Identities, and Study AbroadFrance and the United States, 1890-1970$
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Whitney Walton

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762533

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.001.0001

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§ The American Quest for Knowledge and the French Quest for Americans, 1870–1919

§ The American Quest for Knowledge and the French Quest for Americans, 1870–1919

Chapter:
(p.12) § I The American Quest for Knowledge and the French Quest for Americans, 1870–1919
Source:
Internationalism, National Identities, and Study Abroad
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.003.0002

In the late nineteenth century, hundreds of ambitious American postgraduate students went to Europe to pursue advanced scholarly training. These young scholars crossed the Atlantic to obtain skills and credentials that enabled them to secure academic positions back in the United States. Indeed, many of them became leaders in the establishment of research universities, the professionalization of academic disciplines, and social reform initiatives in their own country. These students chose Germany as their favored destination abroad despite France's efforts to make its universities more attractive to Americans. The outbreak of World War I and the ensuing Franco-American alliance provided a golden opportunity for France to improve and transform international relations with America in terms of higher education.

Keywords:   postgraduate students, France, United States, Germany, Europe, universities, international relations, World War I, social reform, higher education

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