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Internationalism, National Identities, and Study AbroadFrance and the United States, 1890-1970$
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Whitney Walton

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762533

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.001.0001

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§ Warm Relations in a Cold War Atmosphere

§ Warm Relations in a Cold War Atmosphere

Resurgence and Expansion of Study Abroad Following World War II

(p.109) § 5 Warm Relations in a Cold War Atmosphere
Internationalism, National Identities, and Study Abroad
Stanford University Press

A significant new development in study abroad after World War II was the involvement of the U.S. government, two notable examples of which were the GI Bill and the Fulbright academic exchange program. Government officials in both France and the United States promoted study abroad after the war and during the Cold War era in consideration of national interest and national security. Young French people and Americans were enthusiastic to study abroad, mainly because of their aspirations for cultural enhancement and professional advancement rather than cultural imperialism or anti-communism. In other words, study abroad was a form of Franco-American cultural relations that served both national interests and internationalism at the same time because it resulted in an appreciation of difference rather than indoctrination, homogenization, or conversion.

Keywords:   study abroad, United States, France, GI Bill, Cold War, Fulbright program, anti-communism, cultural relations, national interests, national security

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