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Internationalism, National Identities, and Study AbroadFrance and the United States, 1890-1970$
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Whitney Walton

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762533

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.001.0001

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§ American National Identity and French Student Life

§ American National Identity and French Student Life

Politicization and Educational Reform in the 1960s

Chapter:
(p.141) § 6 American National Identity and French Student Life
Source:
Internationalism, National Identities, and Study Abroad
Publisher:
Stanford University Press
DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804762533.003.0007

This chapter explores how national politics and educational reforms affected educational exchanges in the 1960s and early 1970s, at a time when study abroad was already well established. During this period, many evaluations and surveys were conducted in both France and the United States to assess the value of studying abroad based on professional advantage, personal maturation, international goodwill, and other measures. Although such evaluations presented an overall favorable account of study abroad, there were pronounced tensions in Franco-American relations under the presidency of Charles de Gaulle (1958–1969). However, this did not hinder the transatlantic flow of students, who even expressed enthusiasm for the benefits of study abroad. Many American students who studied in France were forced to confront domestic issues of race relations and foreign policy, using these as a lens for articulating an American identity. On the part of French students, study abroad involved reforms in higher education.

Keywords:   France, United States, study abroad, students, politics, educational reforms, higher education, educational exchanges, Franco-American relations, Charles de Gaulle

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