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Paths to PeaceDomestic Coalition Shifts, War Termination and the Korean War$
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Elizabeth A. Stanley

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762694

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762694.001.0001

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Domestic Coalition Shifts in War Termination

Domestic Coalition Shifts in War Termination

(p.19) 2 Domestic Coalition Shifts in War Termination
Paths to Peace
Stanford University Press

This chapter outlines the existing literature about war termination. It demonstrates that there is a causal connection between the difficulty of ending wars and the fact that they are started and ended by politicians. Realpolitik, domestic politics, and bargaining models can be used to illustrate categories about war termination. Bayesian models of war termination theorized more explicitly about lags in the updating process that can result in protracted stalemates. These models showed that a lag in updating can delay war termination, they do not elaborate on how states get beyond this lag. Ending war needed settling with the enemy as well as at home. It is noted that policy stability can result governing coalitions being ineffective for altering the status quo, even when such changes are necessary or desirable. Furthermore, a coalition shift can overpower the obstacles to peace and thus allows a war to end.

Keywords:   war termination, realpolitik, domestic politics, bargaining models, Bayesian models, lags, governing coalitions, coalition shift

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