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Paths to PeaceDomestic Coalition Shifts, War Termination and the Korean War$
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Elizabeth A. Stanley

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804762694

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804762694.001.0001

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The United States, Part 2

The United States, Part 2

Trapped by Voluntary Prisoner Repatriation

(p.150) 6 The United States, Part 2
Paths to Peace
Stanford University Press

This chapter investigates dynamics at the micro (operational and policy) level, which can be seen in the United States decision to adopt a policy of voluntary repatriation of prisoners of war (POWs). It describes the voluntary POW repatriation policy, the Dwight Eisenhower coalition shift, and alternative explanations for the behavior of the United States during the Korean War. At a micro level, the US decision to adopt the POW voluntary repatriation policy demonstrated the interacting dynamics of information and entrapment obstacles. The failure of Harry Truman to end the Korean War significantly led to Eisenhower's election. Eisenhower's coalition could overcome Truman's obstacles to peace. He maintained the POW policy, but he changed the US policy on nuclear deterrent power and thus felt free to escalate the war, if necessary.

Keywords:   prisoners of war, United States, voluntary repatriation policy, Dwight Eisenhower, coalition shift, Korean War, Harry Truman, nuclear deterrent power

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