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Failed Democratization in Prewar JapanBreakdown of a Hybrid Regime$
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Harukata Takenaka

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780804763417

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804763417.001.0001

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Defining the Regimes of Prewar Japan

Defining the Regimes of Prewar Japan

(p.45) Chapter 2 Defining the Regimes of Prewar Japan
Failed Democratization in Prewar Japan

Harukata Takenaka

Stanford University Press

This chapter has two objectives. First, it demonstrates that the regime that existed in Japan from 1918 to 1932 can be defined as semi-democratic. It argues that three distinct regimes—a competitive oligarchical one, a semi-democratic one, and a military authoritarian one—existed between 1889 and 1945. The first spanned 1889 to 1918, the second from 1918 to 1932, and the third from 1935 to 1945. Second, to illustrate the special nature of prewar Japanese democratization and the semi-democratic regime in prewar Japan, it compares democratization in Britain and Japan. In doing so, it examines the implications of their differences might have on the study of democratization as a whole.

Keywords:   semi-democratic regime, military authoritarian regime, democratization, Great Britain

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