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Failed Democratization in Prewar Japan – Breakdown of a Hybrid Regime - Stanford Scholarship Online
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Failed Democratization in Prewar Japan: Breakdown of a Hybrid Regime

Harukata Takenaka


How and why does a semi-democratic regime—one that developed as a result of significant degree of democratization—collapse without experiencing further democratization? This book answers these questions through a case study of the collapse of the semi-democratic regime in prewar Japan. Japan's gradual democratization after the Meiji Restoration in 1867 led to the rise of the semi-democratic regime in 1918. It was characterized by the rule of party government and electoral participation by a significant portion of the population. Confronted with a series of threats from the military, it collaps ... More

Keywords: Semi-democratic regime, party government military, legitimacy, semi-loyalty, Meiji Constitution, hybrid regime, democratization

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2014 Print ISBN-13: 9780804763417
Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: January 2015 DOI:10.11126/stanford/9780804763417.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Harukata Takenaka, author
National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies