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Confronting Fascism in EgyptDictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s$
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Israel Gershoni and James Jankowski

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804763431

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804763431.001.0001

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The Young Egypt Movement

The Young Egypt Movement

An Egyptian Version of Fascism?

(p.234) 7 The Young Egypt Movement
Confronting Fascism in Egypt
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the ideology of the Young Egypt Movement. Specifically, it addresses the question of whether Young Egypt was a fascist-inspired movement. It suggests that while the ideas and practices that characterized the leading European fascist movements of the 1930s had a definite impact and influence on Young Egypt, the adoption of fascist features by the movement was a selective process reflecting Egyptian circumstances. As an ultranationalist movement emerging in a non-European country with very different conditions from interwar Europe, Young Egypt's partial emulation of fascist models was refracted through the unique context of Egypt in the 1930s. Most crucial in this respect were the anticolonial fixation that the movement's leaders and members shared with almost all politically committed Egyptians, as well as the current concern of Egyptians regarding the limitations of the existing parliamentary regime and how to make the governmental institutions of Egypt more responsive and effective.

Keywords:   ideology, Egyptian nationalism, fascism, fascist movements

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