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Confronting Fascism in EgyptDictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s$
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Israel Gershoni and James Jankowski

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804763431

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804763431.001.0001

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The Historical Setting

The Historical Setting

Egyptian Politics in the Later 1930s

(p.14) 1 The Historical Setting
Confronting Fascism in Egypt
Stanford University Press

This chapter situates Egyptian attitudes towards democracy and dictatorship in the later 1930s in two contexts. One is the international arena—the increasingly fraught ideological rivalry and political confrontation between the liberal democracies and the Fascist and Nazi dictatorships, and how this rivalry and confrontation were read and refracted in Egypt. The other is the Egyptian internal scene—how domestic developments in Egypt made debate over the respective merits of fascist dictatorship versus liberal democracy a progressively more meaningful and vital subject for Egyptians. Both the external and internal contexts played an essential role in conditioning Egyptian views of fascism and liberalism, dictatorship and democracy.

Keywords:   fascism, liberalism, democracy, dictatorship, Egyptian attitudes, Egypt, Nazis, Fascists

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