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Confronting Fascism in EgyptDictatorship versus Democracy in the 1930s$
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Israel Gershoni and James Jankowski

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9780804763431

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804763431.001.0001

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Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism, I

Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism, I

Fascism at Home: Denouncing Totalitarianism and Racism

(p.111) 4 Egyptian Intellectuals and Fascism, I
Confronting Fascism in Egypt
Stanford University Press

A consideration of the views expressed by the numerous intellectuals who contributed to four prominent Arabic-language cultural journals of the late 1930s—the monthlies al-Hilal and al-Majalla al-Jadida, the weeklies al-Risala and al-Thaqafa—offer the fullest understanding of the positions taken by Egypt's intellectual elite regarding the confrontation between liberal and authoritarian principles of political organization. This chapter considers both the more reflective analyses found in these journals of intellectual opinion and their commentaries on the world crisis as it unfolded over the later 1930s. It addresses how Egyptian intellectuals viewed the historical origins and the domestic characteristics of Italian Fascism and German Nazism, specifically their interpretations of the philosophical as well as the conjunctural roots of contemporary fascism, their evaluation of the merits and flaws found in democratic versus totalitarian forms of government, and their conclusions regarding the intellectual falsity and moral evil of Nazi racism.

Keywords:   Arab-language cultural journals, al-Hilal, al-Majalla al-Jadida, al-Risala, al-Thaqafa, Italian Fascism, German Nazism

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