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A Transformation Gap?American Innovations and European Military Change$
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Theo Farrell, Terriff Terry, and Osinga Frans

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804763776

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804763776.001.0001

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From Bottom-Up to Top-Down Transformation: Military Change in France

From Bottom-Up to Top-Down Transformation: Military Change in France

(p.59) 4 From Bottom-Up to Top-Down Transformation: Military Change in France
A Transformation Gap?

Sten Rynning

Stanford University Press

This chapter provides a brief overview of the post-Cold War years in France to set the background for current changes. The extent of change is determined along network-centric warfare (NCW), expeditionary warfare, and effect-based operations (EBOs). It also describes the trajectory of change and the principal challenges facing French forces. Military transformation started bottom-up in France: the political level was frozen into a standoff, and the military services observed and experienced inadequate preparation in allied affairs. France is building military forces capable of participating in EBO-like coalition operations. It is heavily regarded in the transatlantic search for a common EBO framework. Strategic EBO and thus strategic leadership nourish longstanding French ambitions to be part of the inner Atlantic circle dominated by Anglo-Saxon countries.

Keywords:   network-centric warfare, expeditionary warfare, effect-based operations, French forces, military transformation, France, military forces, coalition operations

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