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A Transformation Gap?American Innovations and European Military Change$
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Theo Farrell, Terriff Terry, and Osinga Frans

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804763776

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804763776.001.0001

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The Innovation Imperative: Spain'S Military Transformation and NEC

The Innovation Imperative: Spain'S Military Transformation and NEC

(p.144) 7 The Innovation Imperative: Spain'S Military Transformation and NEC
A Transformation Gap?

Antonio Marquina

Gustavo Díaz

Stanford University Press

This chapter investigates the development and transformation of the Spanish armed forces since Spain's entry into North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Its purpose is to allow for observations of the continuities in the process despite changes of government. It also explains several reasons for this continuity, including the lack of serious debate on the issue and an absence of a solid defense culture among Spanish leaders. Spain actively participated in the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP). The new approaches using effects-based approach to operations (EBAO) were endorsed to alter the armed forces. The Spanish military planned to benefit from goals in the EBAO. It is shown that NATO significantly played in the evolving Spanish defense doctrine. Spanish strategic culture has then suffered due to the absence of an authentic government strategy for the use of its armed forces in foreign policy.

Keywords:   Spanish armed forces, Spain, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, defense culture, Spanish leaders, European Security and Defence Policy, effects-based approach to operations, Spanish military, foreign policy

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