Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Memoirs of a GrandmotherScenes from the Cultural History of the Jews of Russia in the Nineteenth Century, Volume One$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Pauline Wengeroff

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804768795

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804768795.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM STANFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.stanford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Stanford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in SSO for personal use.date: 22 February 2020

The Beginning of the Era of Enlightenment

The Beginning of the Era of Enlightenment

(p.173) 5. The Beginning of the Era of Enlightenment
Memoirs of a Grandmother
Stanford University Press

In this section, Pauline Wengeroff reflects on the late 1830s, a significant time for the Jews of Lithuania from a cultural perspective and the beginning of enlightenment. It was the time when the Lithuanian Jews experienced spiritual and even physical regeneration as a result of the great reforms under Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. A doctor of philology by the name of Lilienthal was tasked to initiate a fundamental transformation of the khedarim (Jewish primary schools). The melamdim (primary school teachers) were required to learn Russian to enable them to translate the Bible into this language for the school children. Toward the end of the 1830s, yeshiva boys became learned proletariat in Lithuania whose religious and intellectual education was systematically regulated. The bokhurim were divided into three classes based on their rabbinical expertise: yeshiva bokhurim, orem bokhurim, and Motele.

Keywords:   Pauline Wengeroff, enlightenment, Lithuania, Jews, reforms, Nicholas I, Russia, education, khedarim, bokhurim

Stanford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.