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Apostles of ModernitySaint-Simonians and the Civilizing Mission in Algeria$
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Osama Abi-Mershed

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804769099

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804769099.001.0001

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Raised in Our Care

Raised in Our Care

(p.123) Chapter Five Raised in Our Care
Apostles of Modernity
Stanford University Press

This chapter discusses the development of new cultural initiatives for pacifying the native populations. These initiatives included the creation of an urban zone of controlled cultural and economic contact—an environment relatively protected from colonial predations, in which “restored” Muslim institutions interacted with, learned from, and emulated French establishments. They also involved widening the circle of condominial contact and extending its patterns of collaboration and exchange to rural and tribal areas, where, with the help of the acculturated natives, French norms would be replicated on a large scale, Muslim institutions or traditions would be absorbed, and a new Franco-Algerian civilization would be created. However, the premature removal of Governor Aumale in early 1848, along with the ensuing marginalization of Prosper Enfantin and Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, weakened the Saint-Simonian platform and would eventually split the family into two parties.

Keywords:   Algeria, cultural policy, colonial policy, Muslim institutions, French norms, Franco-Algerian civilization, Governor Aumale, Prosper Enfantin, Christophe de Lamoricière

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