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Creating New Knowledge in ManagementAppropriating the Field's Lost Foundations$
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Ellen O'Connor

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9780804770750

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804770750.001.0001

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The Twentieth-Century Business School

The Twentieth-Century Business School

Integrating the Vocational and Scientific Traditions

(p.55) Chapter 4 The Twentieth-Century Business School
Creating New Knowledge in Management
Stanford University Press

In the twentieth century, reforms enabled the business school to acquire graduate-professional status and to deliver the research university's requisite synergy between basic science and applied science. The first reform was implemented at Harvard Business School, resulting in the creation of a professional school of business (PSB) following Harvard Law School (HLS). At HLS, law professors and the university, not master-practitioners and the apprenticeship system, were the ones that controlled legal education. The graduate school of business put the business school's foundations in the behavioral and quantitative sciences while fitting the vocational school of business (VSB) into to this logic by interpreting the technical specialties as applications of these sciences. The model devolved to lower-tier institutions and grew readily in any VSB attached to a research university. While law and medical students often entered graduate school straight from college, the business school rewarded work and life experience. The elite business school, part of the elite research university, attracted a new kind of student: the executive-scholar.

Keywords:   business school, research university, Harvard Business School, legal education, professional school of business, Harvard Law School, graduate school of business, vocational school of business, executive-scholar

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