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Before the Shining PathPolitics in Rural Ayacucho, 1895–1980$
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Jaymie Heilman

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9780804770941

Published to Stanford Scholarship Online: June 2013

DOI: 10.11126/stanford/9780804770941.001.0001

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The Last Will Be First

The Last Will Be First

Trotskyism and Popular Action in the Belaúnde Years

(p.120) Chapter Five The Last Will Be First
Before the Shining Path
Stanford University Press

This chapter examines the history of the emergence of Trotsykism in Ayacucho, Peru, during the years of President Fernando Belaúnde Terry. It analyzes how the Carhuanca campesinos approached the promise and possibility of fundamental socioeconomic transformation, living within a national and departmental context of considerable rural political activism. It describes the challenges faced by the Carhuanquinos who affiliated themselves with Trotskyism and highlights their ineffectiveness as revolutionaries because of their long-standing local enmities and their overt hostility toward Catholicism.

Keywords:   Trotskyism, Ayacucho, Peru, Fernando Belaúnde Terry, socioeconomic transformation, rural political activism, revolutionaries, Catholicism

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