This chapter sums up the key findings of this study on the history of the Maoist Shining Path (PCP-SL) in rural Ayacucho, Peru, during the period from 1895 to 1980. It suggests that the emergence of the Shining Path and its devastating civil war was brought about by a series of political developments in Ayacucho prior to 1980. It also highlights the fact that Senderistas ultimately replicated the ways of the traditionally abusive local notables and used violence and the threat of violence to coerce impoverished, indigenous Carhuanquinos to do their bidding and to provide their sustenance.
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